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Poor pollination and pesticides ~ by Chris

Poor pollination and pesticides

Dr Dara Stanley of New Holloway, University of London has been looking at the effects of neonicotinoid pesticides on ‘efficiency’ of bumblebee pollination of apples.  Several studies have already implicated these pesticides in the decline of foraging behaviour of bees / bumblebees.  As some 30% of agricultural crops depend on pollination by bees and  bumblebees, hover flies and other arthropods (with an estimated global value in excess of $350 billion / year) then the effects of these pesticides needs to be evaluated, so that informed debate on the banning or restriction  of their use can take place.

Dr Stanley and associates exposed some bumblebees to ‘low’ levels of neonicotinoids (such as might be found in wild flowers), others were exposed to no pesticide.  It was found that those exposed to neonicotinoids collected less pollen from apple flowers and that their visits to the flowers were less frequent - when compared to those bumblebees exposed to no neonicotinoids.

head of bbeeThe flowers that had been visited by the ‘exposed’ bumblebees developed apples that were later harvested; these were found to contain fewer seeds (some 36% less) than those fruits formed from flowers pollinated by the ‘normal’ bumblebees.   Thus, the process of pollination (pollen transfer from anthers to stigmas) was less effective when the bumblebees were exposed to neonicotinoids.

These results are important as they indicate that the neonicotinoids can significantly affect the bumblebees’ ability to pollinate important crops - and presumably other plants.

There has also been a report on the effect of the neonicotinoids on butterflies.  As neonicotinoids can remain in the environment, they can be absorbed by wild flowers - for example, those around the edges of fields.   These plants provide food for caterpillars (munching on the leaves) and nectar for the adult butterflies.  Now several species that live on farmland have shown population declines that may be associated with the rising use of the ‘nerve agent’ pesticides - for example, small tortoiseshells, small skippers and wall butterflies.

Neonicotinoids were banned for use on flowering crops by the EU for three years in 2013, but the UK government partially lifted the ban last year for use on oilseed rape in some areas.

Posted in: Energy, sustainability & economics, Flora & Fauna ~ On: 3 April, 2016

3 comments so far

J. Norton @ London Pest Control
13 May, 2016

I read numerous studies like this two years ago and respected scientists then claimed that pesticides don’t have a “significant” effect on pollinating bees. I really don’t think anyone believed that claim. It’s easy to imagine why giant food producers would want to keep the right to use pesticides, as this increases their products and thus their revenue. I believe if people knew the truth about the dangers of chemical pest control on crops, the pesticide residue and the terrifying prospect of a future without bees, they would all vote for Integrated Pest Management and biological pest control to take the lead.

Louis Martin
15 July, 2017

Great Blog.

Louis Martin
18 July, 2017

Nice post.

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