Making medlar cheese

Making medlar cheese

Medlars are a much under-appreciated fruit.  We recently picked a large bag of medlars which would otherwise have gone to waste and decided to make medlar cheese.  The first thing, to make them edible, is it to leave them to go soft and squishy - the medlars will change from a yellowy colour to a dark brown - this is called bletting and is essential to any medlar processing.

In our case this bletting had been largely completed while the fruit was still on the tree after the frost had got to them but we kept them a few days beyond that in the warmth of the kitchen in a well-ventilated corner.

Medlar mashing and mixing and making mushy
To get the flesh out we squeezed them to break the skin and then scooped out the insides with a spoon.  This is then put through a sieve which eliminates the five seeds and the skin from each fruit.  We also squeezed the residual skins to get the last of the flesh out - it's messy and gunky but satisfying once you have a sieved pile of medlar pulp. You then weigh the pulp and put it into a large heavy-bottomed pan with an exactly equivalent amount of granulated sugar and heat over a low heat stirring well until the sugar is dissolved.

Turning up the heat - but careful

You can then turn up the heat and continue stirring until it becomes really thick: during this process it will "plop" and gurgle.   Be careful not to let the medlar mixture splash on your face or hands as it is very hot. You need to keep at this until the mixture is really, really thick so that it won't even drip off the wooden spoon you are stirring with.

Moulds for medlar cheese
You can use a cup cake tin or a loaf-shaped tin.  You should pour the hot mixture into the lightly greased tin (we also put a layer of teflon in ours to protect the tin). Once the medlar cheese has cooled, which may take a few hours (usually overnight, while your wrists recover and you dream of a moon made of medlar cheese), the loaf will become hard and the next morning it can be sliced into chunks which are delicious.

This makes an ideal present and is a novelty for most people who have often gone through much of their life without ever experiencing Medlar cheese.  It is almost impossible to buy it commercially so you will be eating or giving away a delicacy which is unavailable in shops.

Plant more Medlars!

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I planted my Medlar tree twelve years ago, having found it as a young sapling in my local garden centre ‘Sick Bay’ here in Somerset. The tree flourished with no special treatment and has been fruiting for 8-9 years now.
We cut back the tree annually as it is in danger of taking over my small garden! however it fruits heavily whatever I do to it.
My neighbour uses the fruit every autumn to make both Medlar jelly & Medlar cheese, both very good. This year I plan to try myself to make a type of ‘Medlar Delight’ by adding rosewater and hazelnuts to the cheese recipe, then dusting with icing sugar.
Christmas gift idea ?

Jan Hawkins

21 September, 2015

Make your own Medlar Jelly from our fresh fruit NO FERTILISERS USED http://tinyurl.com/l49p8g7 They going fast don’t miss out. + Free recipes

Pamela Pither

14 November, 2014

Clearest description so far, thank you. I only planted my medlar tree a couple of years ago and it’s loaded this year and fruited the first year so you don’t have to wait long. There is a fine difference between the completion of bletting and the fruit going mouldy! Can you get away with first boiling and straining to get medlar jelly and then sieving remains to make medlar cheese, as is the case with quince jelly and quince cheese?

Pam Dawson

17 September, 2014

Ahah! Another cheesy article which actually does have a link to woodland.

Chris Brewchorne

9 September, 2014

[…] This fruit is eaten after it is ‘bletted’ which is an almost rotten stage. Apparently, at this point they taste like a ‘really good apple butter‘ – but I have no idea because I’ve never had access to one of these fruit to try. I’ve also read medlar’s are good with port at the end of a meal, highly suitable for jam making with their high pectin content and can be made medlar cheese. […]

Hi, I have made the medlar cheese, it is now, January. The trays of cheese are still sitting here. How do I dry the sweets out, or preserve them. Tried dusting with caster sugar, shall I wrap them in greeseproof paper?? Any ideas.??

Sally White

22 January, 2014

I will go with Bob’s idea, I have made the jelly, and am in process of making the medlar cheese. Last night squeezed the ‘mud’ through a sieve, so here we go, I was looking to see how much sugar, now I know, fingers crossed. My medlar tree is at least 10 years but prior to this I have not made anything with them. The medlars are roughly 2-3″ in diameter now.

Sally White

6 December, 2013

I make Medlar jelly and cheese every year. I first let them get well bletted them sqish them in my hands, add water and bring to boil. I then simmer them for a couple of hours and then filter them through a very fine material. I bottle the huice ready to make the jelly later (juice kept in the freezer). Next job is to pass the ‘mud’ through a sieve and make the ‘cheese’ as described by John from Paris. I also make Quince (French ‘Coing’) jelly and cheese (Spanish ‘Membrillo’) which goes well with Manchego cheese.
Bob from Brittany

Bob Waterfall

30 November, 2013

Traditionally medlars are propagated by grafting onto a hawthorn rootstock, as the plants belong to the same family. You can see the similarity if you think about it. I find medlars blets best in a cool dry atmosphere. I have a set of medlar pictures on my Flickr account site.


19 November, 2013

I have pounds and pounds of medlars this year from 2 6 year old trees. I have made jelly before and it is delicious with venison, either as an accompaniment, brushed on the meat (prior to cooking) or added to the juices with red wine to make a fantastic ‘jus’ (gravy?).

The medlar cheese sounds great too (I’ve made membrillo, or quince paste / cheese and that goes brilliantly with cheese).

Diana, which spices did you use?

Anne Dixon

10 November, 2013

The cheese is even better with spices added to it!

Diana Williamson

3 November, 2013

Just found this site – We are still eating some medlar cheese which I made two years ago and has been kept in the fridge – delicious with hard goat’s milk cheese!

Diana Williamson

3 November, 2013

I love my medlar beautiful at all stages from pure white spring flowers to glorious autumn leaf colours.. It fruited from the first season I planted it, the crops getting larger each year. I live in Hobart and it does very well here and also in Victoria. It survived the summer drought but my son with a better water supply used it and his fruit are twice the size of mine and the crop embarrassingly large. We also find that medlars have a tendency to tilt over but then produce vertical shoots, or are quite happy to be pushed upright and staked.

Vanda Jackson

14 May, 2013

I have many medlar trees at home !
Medlars are delicious and very healthy, but i had no idea about this recipe !
I will try it !

Ligia (Romania)

15 December, 2012

[…] medlar tree and for several years I have been gathering the fruit. At first I made medlar jelly and medlar cheese (both of which are very good). Then I came across a medlar vinegar made by Stratta which is […]

I bought a tree mail-order in France, and I don’t recall having to wait more than a year for the fruit. Likely my tree would be a medlar grafted on to another rootstock. If your tree is grown from seed, perhaps it could take longer.
To answer Heather: the unused part of medlar cheese I made last December is still fine, and its texture has not degraded 6 months later (stored in the fridge).

John (Paris, France)

26 June, 2012

I have been trying to find out how many years you have to wait for the fruit after planting it.
So far I have had no success. Can anyone help?
I suspect the answer will be not in my lifetime, but I’m hoping not.

Vivien Cruickshank

26 June, 2012

This is the clearest explanation that I have found. Thank you.
Based on my research, there seem to be two approaches to what to do with that sieve: this recipe, which I followed, calls for straining uncooked medlar, whereas I find others which call for cooking them in a bain-marie before passing the cooked mixture through the sieve. I opted for the one that strains before cooking, both to avoid having to strain hot material and to get the messy part over with early in the process.
Can the “scraps” from making cheese (the skins, gritty pulp, etc) be boiled up to make a small batch of jelly? If I’ve made the recipe which has not already cooked them, I assume that these scraps still contain their medlar scents (which is perhaps an argument for the recipe that cooks everything before straining).
If anyone has experience with the above, I would much enjoy hearing it.

John (Paris, France)

4 December, 2011

How long does the medlar cheese keep?


18 November, 2011

Are these a suitable plant for Temperate Southern climate, or do they require a solid (frosty/snowy) Winter to set fruit or germinate seeds? We live in Australia, so “Medlars” are relatively unknown.


27 September, 2011

You could ask the RHS – happened to notice on a search of their site the following “Medlars are grafted or budded onto quince rootstocks or could be grown from seed. Fruit nurseries will often supply rootstocks and carry out the grafting or budding for you if you have suitable scion material. You can try grafting yourself, but can be tricky and normally takes years of practice.”


22 June, 2011

I’ve just found a source of medlars and have finally got them to blet – they need to be kept in straw to keep the moisture in, otherwise they dessicate. I’m in the process of making jelly, but I’d like to try the cheese with next year’s crop. I’ve saved seeds – does anyone know how to plant them?


22 June, 2011

I had not heard of the Medlar until I read your article – so I looked for more information. I had not realised how old the fruit wa. Anyone else want to know more should take a look at this article over on a website called Old Varieties – http://bit.ly/mECydw

Old Varieties

21 May, 2011

This is fantastic. We just have to get some Medlar.


25 April, 2011

What a great idea – thanks for talking this through and the lovely photos. We will definitely be planting medlars in our meadow, which we hope to transform over a number of years into a Forest Garden.

Matt King

14 January, 2011